PESTI is an abbreviation of the English name for the “Framework for Broad Public Engagement in Science, Technology and Innovation Policy” Project. The PESTI Project focuses on activities for developing, building, and implementing methodology and frameworks that will reflect the needs of the general public with regard to science, technology and innovation in the science, technology and innovation (STI) policy forming process. By implementing these activities, the PESTI Project has the objectives of realizing policy forming that is more democratic and factually based. PESTI was adopted in 2012 as a part of the “JST Strategic Basic Research Programs (Research and Development on Science and Technology for Society): scientific research and development programs for realizing science, technology and innovation (STI) measures”, which are being promoted by the Research Institute of Science and Technology for Society (RISTEX) of the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan (MEXT). It is also positioned as part of the SciREX (Science for Redesigning of Science, Technology and Innovation Policy) program that is being advanced by MEXT.(Diagram of the PESTI project.)
(Administrative structure of the PESTI project.)
Overview of the “Japan Vision 2020 Project” (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) Version)The “Japan Vision 2020 Project (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) Version)” is a vision of the future of society that was formulated in January 2014 based on a core of young and middle-ranking personnel in the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan (MEXT). In September 2013, when Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Hakubun Shimomura was appointed as the Minister in charge of the Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Games, he announced that rather than 2020 simply being the year in which the Tokyo Olympics will be held, it would be positioned as a target year for aiming to realize new growth. He added that activities which would revitalize not just Tokyo, but also Japanese society, would be developed as the “Japan Vision”, and would be implemented throughout society. The Japan Vision 2020 Project was formulated based on the Minister’s announcement. Concerning the formulation of the vision, in addition to requesting ideas from personnel inside the Ministry, dialog has been implemented with young athletes, artists, and researchers.
This survey particularly places attention on the parts of this vision that relate to science and technology, and investigates the vision’s implementation possibilities and the anticipated scientific and technological elements.
For more details of the “Japan Vision 2020 Project (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) Version)”, refer to the figure described below, or see the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology website (Japanese only). The English version of the figure can be downloaded here.
With regard to the creation of these Japan Vision Cards, first a participation-type workshop was held relating to the Japan Vision. The event venue was the CAFE Lab. in the Grand Front Osaka Knowledge Capital building. The workshop was carried out by separating the 20-30 participants into tables seating 5-6 persons and allocating one facilitator from PESTI to each table. Additionally, a moderator was also appointed to arrange matters overall in a scheme that allowed the effective intermingling of the discussions at each table into the overall discussions. At the workshop, discussions were held among the participants at each table, and ideas were written out on adhesive labels. These were mapped out on a large sheet of paper on the table, the collective opinions of each table were summarized, and these were then shared throughout the whole venue. In parallel with this workshop, a questionnaire survey was carried out using the opportunity of science communication-related events held at the National Museum of Emerging Science and Innovation (Miraikan) to gather the opinions of the general public regarding the Japan Vision. In addition, opinions were also collected from Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) staff members and related persons regarding the Japan Vision in related workshops that were held in MEXT.
Because the opinions of the general public regarding the Japan Vision that were collected in this way were in a variety of formats, comprising words and phrases written on adhesive labels, on the pieces of paper that were used at the workshop, and on worksheets, these were arranged in a unified format at the sentence level as the “Japan Vision Cards”. By carrying out this work, a total of 119 Japan Vision Cards were created (consisting of 73 needs and opinion cards from the general public, and 46 needs and opinion cards from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)). The created Japan Vision Cards were summarized in each category, and were arranged to obtain a three-level category structure.
Overview of the “Science and Technology Foresight” of the National Institute of Science and Technology PolicyThe “Science and Technology Foresight” is a survey implemented by the National Institute of Science and Technology Policy (NISTEP) which has been implemented every five years since 1971 in order to depict the science and technology and the future that will be created as a result of adopting this science and technology. The special features of this survey are the facts that this survey creates a long-term future prospect, that many specialists participate in the survey, and that the viewpoints not only of scientists and engineers on the seeds side, but also the viewpoints of the demand side and viewpoints of professionals in the humanities and social sciences are also incorporated, and extensive discussions are being carried out.
For the survey, several methods, including delphi questionnaires, scenario creations, and workshops, are being combined to depict the form of society that should be aimed for, and the science and technology that will contribute to this realization is being abstracted.
For details of the survey, refer to the NISTEP website.