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About PESTI Project

PESTI is an abbreviation of the English name for the “Framework for Broad Public Engagement in Science, Technology and Innovation Policy” Project. The PESTI Project focuses on activities for developing, building, and implementing methodology and frameworks that will reflect the needs of the general public with regard to science, technology and innovation in the science, technology and innovation (STI) policy forming process. By implementing these activities, the PESTI Project has the objectives of realizing policy forming that is more democratic and factually based. PESTI was adopted in 2012 as a part of the “JST Strategic Basic Research Programs (Research and Development on Science and Technology for Society): scientific research and development programs for realizing science, technology and innovation (STI) measures”, which are being promoted by the Research Institute of Science and Technology for Society (RISTEX) of the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan (MEXT). It is also positioned as part of the SciREX (Science for Redesigning of Science, Technology and Innovation Policy) program that is being advanced by MEXT.

(Administrative structure of the PESTI project.)

Activities of Each Group comprising the PESTI Project

PESTI consists of five groups (the Public Needs Identifying Group, the Public Engagement (PE) Group, the Coordination/Cooperation with Practitioners Group, the Coordination/Cooperation with Professionals Group, and the Process Evaluation Group. (See the figure below.) The Coordination/Cooperation with Practitioners Group builds cooperative relationships with the policy administrators and the funding administrators to search for the needs that practitioners have with regard to the projects, and collects the information required for allowing practitioners to make use of the opinions and results realized by the project. The Public Needs Identifying Group develops methods for re-identifying the “general public”, which had previously been only vaguely captured, as a group composed of small groups (=segments) which maintain different characteristics with regard to their degree of “interest in science” and “involvement in policies”. The Public Engagement (PE) Group aims to develop and implement locations and mechanisms that allow the various segments to be more actively related to the policy participation activities, while the Process Evaluation Group carries out critical and constructive investigations and assessments for the practical implementation of these types of developments and implementations. The main work of the Coordination/Cooperation with Professionals Group is the carrying out of cooperation and collaboration with researchers consisting of scientists and engineers and university-industry relation coordinators to collect comments from these professionals relating to the suitability, practicality, and reliability of the various STI policy menus created based on the diverse needs of the general public.

(Diagram of the PESTI project.)

Overview of the “Japan Vision 2020 Project” (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) Version)

The “Japan Vision 2020 Project (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) Version)” is a vision of the future of society that was formulated in January 2014 based on a core of young and middle-ranking personnel in the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan (MEXT). In September 2013, when Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Hakubun Shimomura was appointed as the Minister in charge of the Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Games, he announced that rather than 2020 simply being the year in which the Tokyo Olympics will be held, it would be positioned as a target year for aiming to realize new growth. He added that activities which would revitalize not just Tokyo, but also Japanese society, would be developed as the “Japan Vision”, and would be implemented throughout society. The Japan Vision 2020 Project was formulated based on the Minister’s announcement. Concerning the formulation of the vision, in addition to requesting ideas from personnel inside the Ministry, dialog has been implemented with young athletes, artists, and researchers.

This survey particularly places attention on the parts of this vision that relate to science and technology, and investigates the vision’s implementation possibilities and the anticipated scientific and technological elements.

For more details of the “Japan Vision 2020 Project (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) Version)”, refer to the figure described below, or see the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology website (Japanese only). The English version of the figure can be downloaded here.

Procedure for Drawing up the Japan Vision Cards

The Japan Vision Cards are a collection of opinions from the general public regarding the image of society in Japan in 2030, the desired ideals of Japanese society, and the ideals of science and technology for realizing this (= Japan Vision), considering the Tokyo Olympics in 2020 as a transit point.

With regard to the creation of these Japan Vision Cards, first a participation-type workshop was held relating to the Japan Vision. The event venue was the CAFE Lab. in the Grand Front Osaka Knowledge Capital building. The workshop was carried out by separating the 20-30 participants into tables seating 5-6 persons and allocating one facilitator from PESTI to each table. Additionally, a moderator was also appointed to arrange matters overall in a scheme that allowed the effective intermingling of the discussions at each table into the overall discussions. At the workshop, discussions were held among the participants at each table, and ideas were written out on adhesive labels. These were mapped out on a large sheet of paper on the table, the collective opinions of each table were summarized, and these were then shared throughout the whole venue. In parallel with this workshop, a questionnaire survey was carried out using the opportunity of science communication-related events held at the National Museum of Emerging Science and Innovation (Miraikan) to gather the opinions of the general public regarding the Japan Vision. In addition, opinions were also collected from Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) staff members and related persons regarding the Japan Vision in related workshops that were held in MEXT.

Because the opinions of the general public regarding the Japan Vision that were collected in this way were in a variety of formats, comprising words and phrases written on adhesive labels, on the pieces of paper that were used at the workshop, and on worksheets, these were arranged in a unified format at the sentence level as the “Japan Vision Cards”. By carrying out this work, a total of 119 Japan Vision Cards were created (consisting of 73 needs and opinion cards from the general public, and 46 needs and opinion cards from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)). The created Japan Vision Cards were summarized in each category, and were arranged to obtain a three-level category structure.

Overview of the “Science and Technology Foresight” of the National Institute of Science and Technology Policy

The “Science and Technology Foresight” is a survey implemented by the National Institute of Science and Technology Policy (NISTEP) which has been implemented every five years since 1971 in order to depict the science and technology and the future that will be created as a result of adopting this science and technology. The special features of this survey are the facts that this survey creates a long-term future prospect, that many specialists participate in the survey, and that the viewpoints not only of scientists and engineers on the seeds side, but also the viewpoints of the demand side and viewpoints of professionals in the humanities and social sciences are also incorporated, and extensive discussions are being carried out.

For the survey, several methods, including delphi questionnaires, scenario creations, and workshops, are being combined to depict the form of society that should be aimed for, and the science and technology that will contribute to this realization is being abstracted.

For details of the survey, refer to the NISTEP website.

Connection between the Japan Vision Cards and the “Science and Technology Foresight”

With regard to the opinions from the general public indicated on the Japan Vision Cards, the scientific and technological elements that are considered possible to be used for their realization were abstracted from recent editions of the “Science and Technology Foresight”, and correlation was carried out. The Japan Vision Cards were classified into 10 “scenes” according to the contents, and the scientific and technological elements supporting each individual “scene” were attached. This work was carried out by an investigative team consisting of professionals from PESTI as well as from institutions including the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, National Institute of Science and Technology Policy (NISTEP), Center for Research and Development Strategy (CRDS) and the National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS).

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Member PESTI WEB,
2014/12/10 21:37